Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction: Overview
The pelvic floor muscles, also known as the levator ani and coccygeus muscles, support the internal organs and pelvis, help to maintain urine and fecal continence, and are involved in sexual function. Pelvic floor muscle dysfunction (PFMD) is used to describe when there is abnormal tone, pain, shortening, spasm, discoordination, weakness, or impaired contractile properties within the pelvic floor muscles. PFMD can be subcategorized as either being high-tone of low-tone.
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